Gum disease is a commonly occurring oral problem that needs immediate attention and timely treatment to prevent further damage to your oral health. The major cause of gum disease is oral bacteria that inhabit your mouth. These bacteria produce acids and toxins when they break down sugars in our food. As a natural response, our body’s immune system fights them. All of this causes an inflammation of the gum tissue. If not treated in time, the infection can progress to an advanced stage and destroy healthy gum tissue. Damage to the gum causes it to separate from the tooth surface to form a pocket under the gum line. This stage of the infection is called periodontitis and can cause the root to become exposed as the bacteria migrate further under the gum. This leads to swelling, redness, bad breath, gums pulling away from the teeth, and finally tooth loss.
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical treatment that can be used to control the progression of periodontal disease. It involves a physical cleaning of all the exposed root surfaces under the gum-line. This is done after administration of local anesthesia for your comfort. The treatment helps in removal of most of the toxins and aids some degree of healing. The removal of tartar and plaque from the tooth surfaces prevents tooth loss and bone loss. Antibiotics may be prescribed after the procedure to control the growth of bacteria.
You may feel a bit of soreness in your gums for a few days after treatment. This should subside in some time. Once the area has healed, the gums will reattach to the teeth.